West Suburban Patriots

an independent Tea Party group in DuPage County, IL

Educational War Needed to Repeal 16th & 17th Amendments   

Published on Aug 31, 2015

JBS CEO Art Thompson's weekly news video update for Aug. 31 - Sept. 6, 2015.

In this week's Analysis Behind the News video, JBS CEO Art Thompson discusses how none of the Republican candidates for president is talking about repealing the 16th (income tax) and 17th (direct election of senators) Amendments that were ratified in 1913; how the 16th amendment gave the federal government power over individuals; how the 17th amendment destroyed one of the key checks and balances within our system of federalism by taking away the power of each state legislature to appoint two senators to represent its state in the U.S. Senate; and how we must start the process of repealing the 16th and 17th Amendments by waging an “educational war” to point out why this must be done.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1wL6g2c8P6Y

Indiana Senate leader working toward U.S. constitutional convention

10/26/13  Dan Carden  NWI Politics

http://www.nwitimes.com/news/local/govt-and-politics/indiana-senate...

Watch: Mark Levin Discusses The Liberty Amendments at Reagan Library with Q&A

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2o6oOE4Dr9o

http://www.marklevinshow.com/common/page.php?pt=The+Liberty+Amendme...

Constitutional Convention movement growing in states

http://www.themainewire.com/2013/11/constitutional-convention-movem...

Presidential Powers and the Constitution

Amending the Constitution by Convention: Practical Guidance for Citizens and Policymakers

by Robert G. Natelson

http://liberty.i2i.org/files/2012/06/IP_6_2012_c.pdf

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What the Constitution Means by 'Duties, Imposts, and Excises' —

And 'Taxes' (Direct or Otherwise)


Robert G. Natelson
The Independence Institute

May 4, 2015


Abstract:

This Article recreates the original definitions of the U.S. Constitution’s terms “tax,” “direct tax,” “duty,” “impost,” “excise,” and “tonnage.” It draws on a greater range of Founding-Era sources than accessed heretofore, including eighteenth-century treatises, tax statutes, and literary source, and it corrects several errors made by courts and previous commentators. It concludes that the distinction between direct and indirect taxes was widely understood during the Founding Era, and that the term “direct tax” was more expansive than commonly realized.

The Article identifies the reasons the Constitution required that direct taxes be apportioned among the states by population. It concludes that the Constitution’s “three-fifths” formula was a response to certain economic facts about slavery, but that the underlying decision to apportion had little or nothing to do with slavery.

Finally, the Article reviews the Supreme Court’s holding that the Affordable Care Act’s penalty for not acquiring insurance is a tax but not a direct tax, and concludes that if the penalty was a tax, it was direct.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 63

Keywords: constitutional law, Taxation Clause, original intent, original understanding, original meaning, excise, tonnage, duty, tax, Obamacare, ACA, PPACA, NFIB v. Sebelius, direct tax, indirect tax

JEL Classification: K10, K19, K34

Browser Download This Paper

Date posted: March 4, 2015 ; Last revised: May 20, 2015

http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2572633

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Oklahoma seeks balanced budget amendment for US

Selected Memorials
State Applications for an Article V Convention

http://clerk.house.gov/legislative/memorials.aspx

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The Article V Library

http://article5library.org/

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Encyclopedia of constitutional amendments, proposed amendments, and amending issues, 1789-1995
John R. Vile.

Published 1996 by ABC-CLIO in Santa Barbara, Calif .
Written in English.

https://openlibrary.org/books/OL981924M/Encyclopedia_of_constitutio...

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